A Current Affairs And Social Critic Blog



March 3, 2021



This is “No Bullshitting”, by Harry Agina.

Greetings, folks!

There are grammatical blunders of the masses that I often ignore in NBB COMMONLY MISUSED ENGLISH WORDS, PHRASES, AND TENSES series, until I hear many literate persons make them.  Um huh, the literates of the world are not really as literate as we want to believe that we are. And, you know that I am decent enough to include myself when I speak of the imperfection of the literate. The saying that there is no end to one’s learning until one kicks the bucket and goes six feet under the ground, is true forever. This is not only for English grammar, mind you, but in every sphere of life, meeeeeeeeeen!!!.

So, let’s talk about the REDUNDANCY blunder that I hear every day when people say the time of the day. Many of my readers do not need my prelude information, but it is necessary to set the background. So, do oblige me a little, will you. The 24 hours of every day is divided into two segments, the time BEFORE NOON, and the time AFTER NOON. These segments are demarcated by TWO TWELVE O’CLOCK (12 o’clock) elements. We have 12 o’clock in the MIDDAY, and 12 o’clock MIDNIGHT, and there are twelve hours in each segment; kaji kwo? Yap, we all know what I have said so far. Now, to the beginning of the reason for this blog—the meanings of AM and PM in time.

AM stands for “ANTE MERIDIEM.” And, PM stands for “POST MERIDIEM.” They are both derivatives of the Latin word “MERIDIES”, which means MIDDAY. ANTE means BEFORE, and POST means AFTER, again, both Latin in origin. So, AM (ante meridiem) means BEFORE MIDDAY, and PM (post meridiem) means “AFTER MIDDAY.” And finally, to the reason for the blog, which is the REDUNDANCY that many people (illiterates, as well as the literate) commit every day.

12 o’clock MIDNIGHT marks the beginning of a given day, as well as the beginning of THE FIRST HALF of the day. That first half ends at 12 o’clock  MIDDAY, which is also called NOON. When the clock goes just one second after the NOON hour or 12 midday, the period becomes AFTERNOON (12:01). Important in this topic is that the entire 12 hours between midnight and midday, which is the first half of a day, are within the MORNING range of that day. This is denoted with AM (ante meridiem). Sure, we have the gradation within the morning period (early-morning, mid-morning, and late-morning that ends at 11:59:59am), but they are all morning all the same.

So, the point here is that when you say “7 o’clock AM in the MORNING”, for instance, you have actually said “7 o’clock in the MORNING in the MORNING.” In other words, you have committed grammatical REDUNDANCE (repetition) of saying the same thing twice. AM already stands for morning, and saying “in the morning” after the use of AM, is unnecessary repetition of the same word or phrase, period!

The same goes for the second half of the day. Saying 1pm in the afternoon, or 5pm in the evening, or 10pm at night is also a grammatical redundancy of the same thing. You should just say 1pm alone, or 1 o’clock in the afternoon without the pm; etc, etc. Note that pm starts just one second after midday or noon, and denoted by PM (Post Meridiem). A variation between the first half and the second half of the day as demarcated by 12 noon, is that, whereas the first half of 12 hours (midnight to noon) of the day is just MORNING, the second half is demarcated into AFTERNOON, EVENING, and NIGHT. As we all know, the demarcation is made by the sun’s gradual movement from noon towards evening, and it’s final setting that comes with the darkness called night. However, there is no difference between afternoon, evening, and night if you want to use the Latin denotation to describe the second half of the day, which is demarcated by 12 NOON or MIDDAY. They are all still PM or Post Meridiem, or Past Midday, once it goes one second after 12 midday (12:01 noon), until 12 midnight.

Mind you, I am not really saying that it is grammatically incorrect to say 7am in the morning, or 7pm in the evening or 10pm at night, not necessarily. But it CERTAINLY IS LOGICALLY INCORRECT, and an unnecessary REDUNDANCY (repetition of same thing). Check it out and think about it…then you will realize that I ain’t bullshittng ya, meeeeeeeen!!!


I bring you Al Campbell’s “Chant Rub-A-Dub” “Roots Reggae” music to digest this edition of NBB’s COMMONLY MISUSED ENGLISH WORDS, PHRASES, AND TENSES. Al Campbell was born in Kingston, Jamaica, on August 31, 1954. Son of a preacher, Campbell’s music career was born in church, where he sang for a while to raise funds for his father’s church. He later briefly joined up with Freddie McGregor and Ernest Wilson, before he went on to work with Prince Lincoln Thompson’s Royal Rasses, and the Mighty Cloud band. He then embarked on a solo career, also contributing vocals to two Heptones albums. He became popular during the 1970s, recording for producers such as Phil Pratt, Bunny Lee, and Joe Gibbs. His first release as a solo artist in 1968 was titled “Highlife Today.” He started to make waves in the 1970s, and his 1977 song titled “Gee Baby” was a big hit in Jamaica and the United Kingdom. He adapted successfully to the early “Dancehall” and “Lovers Rock” styles of reggae in the late 1970s and 1980s, working with producers such as Linval Thompson. His recording of “Late Night Blues” (1980) became popular for blues parties.

Here is Campbell’s “Chant Rub-A-Dub” for ya: https://youtu.be/oDBgdC-imRc

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